Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Agavaceae - Sisal family

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Lock, J.M. (2008) Agavaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1)

Walters, S.M. et al. (eds) (1986) The European Garden Flora. Vol. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae, Angiospermae-Monocotyledons (Part I). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Description of the family

Monocarpic or perennial plants. Stems short or 0, sometimes trunk-like. Leaves large, borne in rosettes, often succulent, usually hard, leathery and spine-tipped. Inflorescence a large spike or panicle. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; perianth segments 6, united for most of their length. Stamens 6. Ovary inferior, 3-locular. Fruit a capsule. Seeds numerous, flattened, black.

Comment: A number of species of this family are naturalised in Zimbabwe. However, the names of most these plants are not clear.

Worldwide: 13 genera and 210 species, tropical and warm zones, especially arid America.

Zimbabwe: 7 cultivated genera and 13 cultivated taxa.

Furcraea foetida

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Agave L.Description
Beschorneria KunthDescription
Cordyline Comm. ex R.Br.Description, Image
Furcraea Vent.Description, Image
Hesperaloe Englem.
Polianthes S. WatsonDescription
Yucca L.Description

Other sources of information about Agavaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Agavaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Agavaceae
Flora of Zambia: Agavaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Agavaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Agavaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Agavaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=2, retrieved 27 March 2017

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