Ocimum labiatum (N.E. Br.) A.J. Paton

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (8)

Ocimum labiatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Ocimum labiatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Ocimum labiatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Ocimum labiatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Ocimum labiatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Ocimum labiatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

Ocimum labiatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam Campsite, Matobo National Park.

Ocimum labiatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam Campsite, Matobo National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Nautochilus amabilis Bremek.
Nautochilus breyeri Bremek.
Nautochilus labiatus (N.E. Br.) Bremek.
Nautochilus urticifolia Bremek.
Orthosiphon labiatus N.E. Br.
Orthosipon amabilis (Bremek.) Codd
Common names: Shell bush (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust shrub-like perennial, up to 2.5 m tall, not aromatic or sometimes described as aromatic. Branches quadrangular, becoming woody near the base, covered with with short more or less spreading hairs. Leaves ovate, 1-3 cm long, sometimes pubescent with small sessile glands; margin crenate; petiole 1-2 cm long. Inflorescences lax with 2-6-flowered verticels. Bracts ovate 5 mm long, hooded, obscuring the young buds. Calyx c. 4 mm long with a rounded upper tooth and long pointed lower teeth. Calyx and teeth expanding in fruit 8-11 mm long. Corolla pale pinkish-purple 7-10 mm long; lower lip boat-shaped, 5-8 mm long, both lips forming right angles with the corolla tube.
Notes: A robust, long-flowering and hardy plant.
Derivation of specific name: labiatus: lipped
Habitat: fringes of riverine and evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 800 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 30 June 2016
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27. As Orthosiphon labiatus

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 346 - 347. as Orthosiphon labiatus (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56. as Orthosiphon labiatus

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 134 - 135.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 428 - 429. as Orthosiphon labiatus (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Ocimum labiatum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ocimum labiatum
African Plant Database: Ocimum labiatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ocimum labiatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ocimum labiatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ocimum labiatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ocimum labiatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ocimum labiatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ocimum labiatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ocimum labiatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ocimum labiatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Ocimum labiatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Ocimum labiatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ocimum labiatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ocimum labiatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ocimum labiatum
Tropicos: Ocimum labiatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ocimum labiatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150410, retrieved 25 November 2017

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