Cynanchum viminale (L.) L.
subsp. viminale

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Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr upper dam, Hillside Dams, Bulawayo

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Synonyms: Cynanchum tetrapterum (Turcz.) R.A. Dyer
Euphorbia viminalis L.
Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br. subsp. viminale
Common names: Caustic vine (English) Chifure (Shona) Imvubu (Ndebele) Ingotsha (Ndebele) Ingotshayeganga (Ndebele) Milk rope (English) Runyakadomdo (Shona) Rusungwe (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Succulent vine. Stems and branches mostly prostrate or scrambling over other vegetation, grey-green, producing milky sap when broken. The leaves are reduced to scales. Flowers in spherical umbels, sweetly scented. Fruits carrot-shaped, containing seeds with a pappus of white, silky hairs.
Notes: The plants occurring in shaded woodland or riverine vegetation have a more lush and vigorous growth. The stems are shiny bright green and twining, climbing into the trees. The inflorescences may be more densely flowered.
Derivation of specific name: viminale: from vimen (Lat.) meaning an "osier" or "pliant twig" referring to the weeping habit of the branches.
Habitat: A species mostly of drier scrub and rocky areas but also found as a twining climber in shade in woodland and riverine vegetation
Altitude range: (metres) 590 - 2380 m
Flowering time:Throughout year
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa and the Middle East to India, Indochina, Southern China, Indomalaya and Australia. Also on Indian Oceans islands including Mauritius, RĂ©union and the Seychelles.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 10 September 2006
Literature:

Binns, B. (1968). A First Check List of the Herbaceous Flora of Malawi The Government Printer, Zomba, Malawi Page 22. as Sarcostemma viminale

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31. as Sarcostemma viminale

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31. as Sarcostemma viminale

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27. as Sarcostemma viminale

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 270. as Sarcostemma viminale

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 316 - 317. as Sarcostemma viminale (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 59. as Sarcostemma viminale (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 22. as Sarcostemma viminale

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 26. as Sarcostemma viminale

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 552 - 553. as Sarcostemma viminale (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 29. as Sarcostemma viminale

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 5. as Sarcostemma viminale

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 48. as Sarcostemma viminale

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 96 - 97. as Sarcostemma viminale (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale
Flora of Malawi: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale
Flora of Mozambique: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale
Flora of Zambia: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynanchum viminale
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cynanchum viminale
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynanchum viminale
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynanchum viminale
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cynanchum viminale
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cynanchum viminale
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynanchum viminale
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cynanchum viminale
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynanchum viminale
Ispot Southern Africa: Cynanchum viminale
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynanchum viminale
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cynanchum viminale
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynanchum viminale
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cynanchum viminale
Tropicos: Cynanchum viminale


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=146060, retrieved 23 September 2017

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