Exacum oldenlandioides (S. Moore) Klackenb.

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Exacum oldenlandioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Trail along Nhamadzi River, lower Chimanimani Mts

Exacum oldenlandioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Trail along Nhamadzi River, lower Chimanimani Mts

Exacum oldenlandioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Trail along Nhamadzi River, lower Chimanimani Mts

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Exacum quinquenervium auct.
Sebaea oldenlandioides S. Moore
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect annual herb, 10-60 cm high. Stems slender, simple or branched, 4-ridged. Leaves opposite, linear-lanceolate or more or less narrowly elliptic, 1-5 cm long, lower leaves usually smaller3-5-veined from the base, hairless. Flowers in dichotomously branched terminal or axillary inflorescences. Pedicels 4-15 mm long; bracts linear, 2-10 mm long; calyx with lobes 2-4.5 mm long, ovate-elliptic, very broadly winged; corolla 5-lobed, blue or pale violet, rarely white, often drying yellowish. Fruit a small obovoid-globose capsule, 2-4.5 mm in diameter.
Derivation of specific name: oldenlandioides: like an Oldenlandia sp. (Rubiaceae).
Habitat: Moist ground, on stream and river banks and in sandy margins of pans.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 8 August 2012

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 75.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53.

Paiva, J. & Nogueira, I. (1990). Gentianaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Page 8.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 66.


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Other sources of information about Exacum oldenlandioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Exacum oldenlandioides
Flora of Mozambique: Exacum oldenlandioides
Flora of Zambia: Exacum oldenlandioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Exacum oldenlandioides
African Plant Database: Exacum oldenlandioides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Exacum oldenlandioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Exacum oldenlandioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Exacum oldenlandioides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Exacum oldenlandioides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Exacum oldenlandioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Exacum oldenlandioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Exacum oldenlandioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Exacum oldenlandioides
Ispot Southern Africa: Exacum oldenlandioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Exacum oldenlandioides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Exacum oldenlandioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Exacum oldenlandioides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Exacum oldenlandioides
Tropicos: Exacum oldenlandioides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Exacum oldenlandioides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144580, retrieved 23 September 2017

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