Suregada zanzibariensis Baill.

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Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gelonium adenophorum sensu Sim
Gelonium serratum Pax & K. Hoffm.
Gelonium zanzibariense (Baill.) Müll. Arg.
Common names: Sand Canary-berry (English)
Frequency: Rare and Local
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree with horizontal branches, all parts hairless. Bark grey, smooth but often with fine longitudinal markings. Leaves alternate, obovate to elliptic-oblanceolate up to 13 cm long, leathery, dark green above with distinct small pustules in the centre of the reticulation cells; much paler yellowish-green beneath; apex abruptly pointed; margin entire or with very fine sharp teeth; petiole 3-7 mm long. Stipules triangular-ovate, c. 1 mm long. Flowers unisexual, usually on different trees in small leaf-opposed clusters, small, greenish to creamy-white with yellowish glands on the outside of the sepals. Fruit subglobose or 3-lobed, 7-8 mm long, smooth, green.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: zanzibariensis: of Zanzibar
Habitat: In low-altitude Brachystegia woodland, Androstachys woodland, and riverine forest, on sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Somalia,Kenya,Tanzania,Zanzibar, Pemba, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, KwaZulu-Natal South Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 7 June 2017
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 517.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 58.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Page 250.


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Flora of Mozambique: Suregada zanzibariensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Suregada zanzibariensis
African Plant Database: Suregada zanzibariensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Suregada zanzibariensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Suregada zanzibariensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Suregada zanzibariensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Suregada zanzibariensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Suregada zanzibariensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Suregada zanzibariensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Suregada zanzibariensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Suregada zanzibariensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Suregada zanzibariensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Suregada zanzibariensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Suregada zanzibariensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Suregada zanzibariensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Suregada zanzibariensis
Tropicos: Suregada zanzibariensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Suregada zanzibariensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135670, retrieved 18 August 2017

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