Phyllanthus myrtaceus Sond.

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Phyllanthus myrtaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mucandue River, Eastern Chimanimani Mts

Phyllanthus myrtaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mucandue River, Eastern Chimanimani Mts

Phyllanthus myrtaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mucandue River, Eastern Chimanimani Mts

Phyllanthus myrtaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mucandue River, Eastern Chimanimani Mts

Phyllanthus myrtaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mucandue River, Eastern Chimanimani Mts

Phyllanthus myrtaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mucandue River, Eastern Chimanimani Mts

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect virgate shrub up to 2.5 m tall. Leaves more or less broadly elliptic-ovate, green above, paler blue-green beneath, often with a purplish edge around the margin. Scale-leaf stipules triangular-lanceolate, 1-2 mm long, not strongly auriculate, purple-brown. Flowers unisexual, usually on different shrubs, creamy-green. Fruit depressed globose, 3-4 mm wide.
Notes: This species is generally very similar to Phyllanthus hutchinsonianus. It differs in being normally dioecious wit less auriculate scale-leaf stipules; larger leaves with more blue-green undersides and more lateral veins (up to 12 pairs); longer pedicels on female flowers (8-14 mm) and different seeds with a silky texture and only 8-9 rows of reddish-brown tubercles.
Derivation of specific name: myrtaceus: like a Myrtle.
Habitat: At forest margins and in Brachystegia woodland, usually at streamsides.
Altitude range: (metres) 305 - 2250 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Known from the Chimanimani Mountains in Mozambique and Zimbabwe and KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 15 August 2015
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 474.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 154 - 155. (Includes a picture).

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Page 79.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 58.


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Other sources of information about Phyllanthus myrtaceus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phyllanthus myrtaceus
Flora of Mozambique: Phyllanthus myrtaceus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phyllanthus myrtaceus
African Plant Database: Phyllanthus myrtaceus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Phyllanthus myrtaceus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phyllanthus myrtaceus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phyllanthus myrtaceus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phyllanthus myrtaceus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phyllanthus myrtaceus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phyllanthus myrtaceus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Phyllanthus myrtaceus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phyllanthus myrtaceus
Ispot Southern Africa: Phyllanthus myrtaceus
JSTOR Plant Science: Phyllanthus myrtaceus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phyllanthus myrtaceus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phyllanthus myrtaceus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Phyllanthus myrtaceus
Tropicos: Phyllanthus myrtaceus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phyllanthus myrtaceus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134260, retrieved 23 November 2017

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