Entandrophragma caudatum (Sprague) Sprague

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Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Emadwaleni, Maleme, Matobo National Park

Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Emadwaleni, Maleme, Matobo National Park

Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Emadwaleni, Maleme, Matobo National Park

Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Emadwaleni, Maleme, Matobo National Park

Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On path to campsite, Sinamatella, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Entandrophragma utile sensu Gomes & Sousa
Pseudocedrela caudata Sprague
Common names: Umsikili (Ndebele) Wooden banana (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Large deciduous tree. Leaves crowded near the ends of branches, imparipinnate with 5-8 pairs of leaflets, each leaflet with a distinct narrow drip-tip. Flowers greenish and inconspicuous, produced in sparse panicles among the leaves. Fruit a woody capsule, up to 15 cm long, splitting into 5 valves, which curve back showing the winged seeds attached to a central column.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: caudatum: having a tail (caudum), referring to the long acumen of the leaflet.
Habitat: On rocky hillsides, in open woodland and low-lying river valleys.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1400 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Southern Zambia and Malawi, to Mozambique, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Grammodora nigrolineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 29 January 2006
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 218 - 221. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 313.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 84.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 262 - 263. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86.

Storrs, A.E.G. (1995). Know Your Trees Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Pages 149 - 150.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 180.

White, F. & Styles, B.T. (1963). Meliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 290 - 291. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Entandrophragma caudatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Caprivi: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Malawi: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Mozambique: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Zambia: Entandrophragma caudatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Entandrophragma caudatum
African Plant Database: Entandrophragma caudatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Entandrophragma caudatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Entandrophragma caudatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Entandrophragma caudatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Entandrophragma caudatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Entandrophragma caudatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Entandrophragma caudatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Entandrophragma caudatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Entandrophragma caudatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Entandrophragma caudatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Entandrophragma caudatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Entandrophragma caudatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Entandrophragma caudatum
Tropicos: Entandrophragma caudatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Entandrophragma caudatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133450, retrieved 25 November 2017

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