Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.

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Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamaropa Falls, Wattle Co. Estate.

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamaropa Falls, Wattle Co. Estate.

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Crimsonwing cottage, Seldomseen, Vumba

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Crimsonwing cottage, Seldomseen, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Clausena abyssinica (Engl.) Engl.
Clausena inaequalis (DC.) Benth.
Common names: Horsewood (English) Maggot killer (English) Muvengahonye (Shona) Muvhunambezo (Shona)
Frequency: Locally common in high rainfall areas
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Leaves pinnately compound with 10-17 alternate or subopposite leaflets and a terminal leaflet. The leaves are densely dotted with glands and have a strong scent when crushed. The scent has been likened to aniseed and opinions vary on its pleasantness. Inflorescence a branched axillary spray; flowers small but attractive, white with orange-yellow stamens.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: anisata: aniseed-scented
Habitat: In, and on the margins of, evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2150 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio ophidicephalus chirinda (Food plant)
Papilio dardanus cenea (Food plant)
Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio echeroides chirindanus (Larval foodplant)
Papilio nireus lyaeus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 4 April 2006
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 256. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Mendonça, F. A. (1963). Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 191 - 193. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 28. usena inequalis (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 171.


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Other sources of information about Clausena anisata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Clausena anisata
Flora of Mozambique: Clausena anisata
Flora of Zambia: Clausena anisata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clausena anisata
African Plant Database: Clausena anisata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Clausena anisata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clausena anisata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clausena anisata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Clausena anisata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Clausena anisata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clausena anisata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Clausena anisata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clausena anisata
Ispot Southern Africa: Clausena anisata
JSTOR Plant Science: Clausena anisata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Clausena anisata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clausena anisata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Clausena anisata
Tropicos: Clausena anisata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Clausena anisata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133210, retrieved 18 November 2017

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