Acacia robusta Burch.
subsp. clavigera (E. Mey.) Brenan

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (15)

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Main Road to Vundu Camp

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Main Road to Vundu Camp

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Main Road to Vundu Camp

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Main Road to Vundu Camp

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acacia clavigera E. Mey.
Common names: Splendid thorn (English) Umgamanzi (Ndebele) Umhlabunga (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tall near-evergreen tree. Thorns straight and short, c. 1 cm, in pairs at the nodes. Leaves with 3-7 pairs of pinnae; leaflets in 10-25 pairs per pinna, small, dark green, paler below. Flowers in axillary clusters of white spherical heads. Pods slightly sickle-shaped, thickened but not woody, dehiscent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: robusta: robust or strong, referring to the hard wood;
clavigera: key-bearing, presumably referring to the pods
Habitat: In low altitude riverine fringes and other areas near water.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From KwaZulu-Natal to southern Mozambique, Malawi, southern Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 4 December 2011
Literature:

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 103 - 104.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 296.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 184. as Acacia robusta

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 62.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 55.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 160 - 161. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 60.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 108 - 110. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 498 - 499. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera
Flora of Zambia: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia robusta
African Plant Database: Acacia robusta
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia robusta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia robusta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia robusta
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia robusta
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia robusta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia robusta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acacia robusta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia robusta
Ispot Southern Africa: Acacia robusta
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia robusta
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia robusta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia robusta
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acacia robusta
Tropicos: Acacia robusta


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126150, retrieved 17 November 2017

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