Acacia melanoxylon R. Br.

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Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Misty Manor site, Vumba

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Synonyms:
Common names: Australian blackwood (English)
Frequency: Locally common in the E Highlands
Status: Introduced
Description:
Small to large tree up to 20 m.
Notes: It was originally introduced on a small scale for its valuable hard timber. It soon became naturalised and became part of the forests and forest margins. Only recently it has become an invader of grasslands where it has proven to be much harder to control or eradicate than wattle (A. dealbata and A. mearnsii). It is easily distinguished from these species as it only has bi-pinnate leaves in the seedling stage. The simple leaves of larger specimens are in fact swollen and flattened petioles called phyllodes.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres) Above 1500 m
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Australia
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 17.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 142 - 143. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Acacia melanoxylon:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acacia melanoxylon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia melanoxylon
African Plant Database: Acacia melanoxylon
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia melanoxylon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia melanoxylon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia melanoxylon
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia melanoxylon
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia melanoxylon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia melanoxylon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acacia melanoxylon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia melanoxylon
Ispot Southern Africa: Acacia melanoxylon
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia melanoxylon
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia melanoxylon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia melanoxylon
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acacia melanoxylon
Tropicos: Acacia melanoxylon


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia melanoxylon.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126040, retrieved 17 November 2017

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