Trianthema salsoloides Fenzl ex Oliv.
var. transvaalensis (Schinz) Adamson

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Trianthema salsoloides var. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road no. 2 near crossing with 6, Gorongosa National Park

Trianthema salsoloides var. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road no. 2 near crossing with 6, Gorongosa National Park

Trianthema salsoloides var. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road no. 2 near crossing with 6, Gorongosa National Park

Trianthema salsoloides var. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road no. 2 near crossing with 6, Gorongosa National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Trianthema transvaalensis Schinz
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Somewhat fleshy, papillose annual herb with prostrate or ascending stems up to c. 50 cm long radiating from the crown of a taproot, often reddish in this variety. Leaves opposite, fleshy, linear to narrowly oblong-ovate or narrowly obovate, up to 15 mm long, persistent in this variety during flowering time; leaf-base expanded with 2 stipular lobes; margin sometimes with minute papillose teeth. Flowers c. 3 mm long, sessile, densely crowded on short lateral branchlets, densely hispid. Perianth lobes with a brownish margin and a fleshy subapical murco; perianth-tube much shorter than lobes, obconical with 5 more or less prominent tubercles at the base of the sinuses between the lobes. Fruit with a prominent thickened ring around the lid.
Notes: See var. stenophylla for comparison.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In depressions on basalt and in black soils, at margins of riverine vegetations, on sandy and saline soils.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: (This variety) Mozambique, southern Zimbabwe, ?Botswana and Mpumalanga South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 6 October 2017
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 20. as Trianthema salsoloides

Gonçalves, M.L. (1978). Aizoaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 517 - 519.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 15.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 20.


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Other sources of information about Trianthema salsoloides var. transvaalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Trianthema salsoloides var. transvaalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Trianthema salsoloides var. transvaalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Trianthema salsoloides
African Plant Database: Trianthema salsoloides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Trianthema salsoloides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Trianthema salsoloides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Trianthema salsoloides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Trianthema salsoloides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Trianthema salsoloides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Trianthema salsoloides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Trianthema salsoloides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Trianthema salsoloides
Ispot Southern Africa: Trianthema salsoloides
JSTOR Plant Science: Trianthema salsoloides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Trianthema salsoloides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Trianthema salsoloides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Trianthema salsoloides
Tropicos: Trianthema salsoloides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trianthema salsoloides var. transvaalensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=123020, retrieved 22 October 2017

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