Mesanthemum africanum Moldenke

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Mesanthemum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Raphia Pool, Muhohwa R, Corner, Chimanimani

Mesanthemum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Raphia Pool, Muhohwa R, Corner, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tufted perennial herb. Stems 30-60 cm high, hairless except for hairs below the capitulum. Leaves broadly linear, 10-35 cm long, softly and thinly hairy when young. Capitula hemispherical when young, becoming depressed spherical, 10-14 mm in diameter, densely white-hairy with black sepals. Involucral bracts shiny brown on the inside, c. 3mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: africanum: of Africa
Habitat: In boggy patches on quartzite.
Altitude range: (metres) 1180 - 2400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Chimanimani Mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 7 May 2014
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 126.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 14. SABONET. Pretoria. Page 173.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 128.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 90.

Phillips, S.M. (1998). Eriocaulaceae of the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(1) Pages 54 - 55.

Phillips, S.M. (2010). Eriocaulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(4) Pages 74 - 75.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Page 134.


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Other sources of information about Mesanthemum africanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Mesanthemum africanum
Flora of Zambia: Mesanthemum africanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Mesanthemum africanum
African Plant Database: Mesanthemum africanum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Mesanthemum africanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Mesanthemum africanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mesanthemum africanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Mesanthemum africanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Mesanthemum africanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Mesanthemum africanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Mesanthemum africanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mesanthemum africanum
Ispot Southern Africa: Mesanthemum africanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Mesanthemum africanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Mesanthemum africanum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Mesanthemum africanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Mesanthemum africanum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Mesanthemum africanum
Tropicos: Mesanthemum africanum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Mesanthemum africanum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=112530, retrieved 26 September 2017

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