Juniperus procera Hochst. ex Endl.

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Juniperus procera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyahokwe Hill, Nyanga.

Juniperus procera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyahokwe Hill, Nyanga.

Juniperus procera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyahokwe Hill, Nyanga.

Juniperus procera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyahokwe Hill, Nyanga.

Juniperus procera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyahokwe Hill, Nyanga.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: African juniper (English)
Frequency: Extremely rare.
Status: Native or possibly introduced
Description:
Straight evergreen tree, up to 40 m tall. Leaves needle-like and spreading when young, scale-like and appressed to the branches when mature. Male cones oval, c. 3mm long with c. 10 overlapping scales; female cones c. 6 mm in diameter, with 6-8 fleshy scales, swollen and fused to give the appearance of a blue-black, berry-like fruit.
Notes: In Zimbabwe only a single specimen is known. It is an ancient tree, growing on a rocky outcrop near the site of historic ruins and terracing. It is not known whether the tree is a remnant of a natural population or was introduced during the time when the ruins were inhabited.
Derivation of specific name: procera: very tall
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres) 1630 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Elsewhere the species occurs in Malawi and other countries in East Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Critically Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 31 August 2013
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 46. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 91.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 231.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 14. SABONET. Pretoria. Page 164.

Lewis, J. (1960). Cupressaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 87 - 88. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 12.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 80 - 82. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Juniperus procera:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Juniperus procera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Juniperus procera
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Juniperus procera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Juniperus procera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Juniperus procera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Juniperus procera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Juniperus procera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Juniperus procera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Juniperus procera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Juniperus procera
Ispot Southern Africa: Juniperus procera
JSTOR Plant Science: Juniperus procera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Juniperus procera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Juniperus procera
The Plant List (version 1.1): Juniperus procera
Tropicos: Juniperus procera


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Juniperus procera.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=103040, retrieved 24 November 2017

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