Blechnum inflexum (Kunze) Kuhn

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Blechnum inflexum

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Blechnum inflexum

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Blechnum inflexum

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Blechnum inflexum

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lomaria discolor Willd. var. natalensis Baker
Lomaria inflexa Kunze
Struthiopteris inflexa (Kunze) Ching
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping, ending in a thick erect stem of up to 5 cm in diameter; scales brown, linear-attenuate, up to c. 2 cm long, margins entire. Fronds whorled, strongly dimorphic. Stipe up to 10 cm (20 cm) long, densely covered with scales at the base. Sterile lamina 28-45 cm × 5-10 cm, pinnate and oblong-elliptic in outline, apical pinnae overlapping, basal pinnae gradually reduced and spaced apart; pinnae glabrous, oblong, joined onto the rhachis and with rounded to acute apices, margins entire. Fertile lamina a third to half the size of the sterile lamina, narrowly oblong in outline; pinnae narrowly oblong, densely crowded together and often bending forwards. Sori linear, covering the whole length of the fertile pinnae; indusium continuous.
Notes: Resembles B. punctulatum and B. australe. B. inflexum has sori that completely cover the underside of the fertile pinnae, the fertile fronds are conspicuously shorter than the sterile fronds, pinnae of the sterile fronds are overlapping at the apex and adnate.
Derivation of specific name: inflexum: bent inward, refers to the infolded fertile pinnae at maturity
Habitat: Terrestrial at foot of boulders or along streambanks in high altitude grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 2070 m
Worldwide distribution: South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 4 March 2007
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 328 - 330. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 730 - 731. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 461 - 462. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 154.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 103.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 236 - 237.


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Other sources of information about Blechnum inflexum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Blechnum inflexum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Blechnum inflexum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Blechnum inflexum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Blechnum inflexum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Blechnum inflexum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Blechnum inflexum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Blechnum inflexum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Blechnum inflexum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Blechnum inflexum
Ispot Southern Africa: Blechnum inflexum
JSTOR Plant Science: Blechnum inflexum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Blechnum inflexum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Blechnum inflexum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Blechnum inflexum
Tropicos: Blechnum inflexum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Blechnum inflexum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102280, retrieved 20 September 2017

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