Elaphoglossum macropodium (Fée) T. Moore

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Elaphoglossum macropodium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyawamba falls, Honde Valley

Elaphoglossum macropodium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Tessa's pool, Chimanimani

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Synonyms: Acrostichum conforme Sw. var. carmichaelii Baker
Acrostichum latifolium sensu Sim
Acrostichum macropodium Fée
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Rhizome creeping, thick, up to 5 mm (without scales); rhizome scales pale brown, concolorous, narrowly lanceolate in outline, apex forming a long drawn out point, margins entire or with hair-like outgrows. Fronds simple, dimorphic, closely spaced, erect to arching, thickly coriaceous. Sterile frond: stipe stramineous to pale green, up to 24 cm long, pale to reddish brown, glabrous with a few scales at the base, articulated at the base; lamina glossy green, 17-37 × 3-8 cm, ovate-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic in outline, apex broadly pointed to rounded, margins entire, glabrous except for minute scattered scales on the underside, midrib raised, convex below. Fertile frond: stipe up to 32 cm long, matt pale brown; lamina smaller and narrower than the sterile lamina, very narrowly elliptic in outline, up to 3 × 21 cm, undersurface completely covered with sporangia.
Notes: The large frond size and thick rhizome usualy distinguishes this species from others.
Derivation of specific name: makros: large, pous: foot; "with large feet", an allusion to the thick creeping rhizome.
Habitat: Epiphyte or lithophyte among boulders in rocky outcrops or in shade in forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1770 m
Worldwide distribution: Comoro Isl. (Grande Comoro), Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 June 2012
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 282 - 283. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 97.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 500 - 501. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 419 - 420. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 149.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 130.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 211.


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Flora of Malawi: Elaphoglossum macropodium
Flora of Mozambique: Elaphoglossum macropodium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elaphoglossum macropodium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Elaphoglossum macropodium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elaphoglossum macropodium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elaphoglossum macropodium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elaphoglossum macropodium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elaphoglossum macropodium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elaphoglossum macropodium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Elaphoglossum macropodium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elaphoglossum macropodium
Ispot Southern Africa: Elaphoglossum macropodium
JSTOR Plant Science: Elaphoglossum macropodium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elaphoglossum macropodium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elaphoglossum macropodium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Elaphoglossum macropodium
Tropicos: Elaphoglossum macropodium


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elaphoglossum macropodium.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102200, retrieved 22 November 2017

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