Athyrium schimperi Moug. ex Fée

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Athyrium schimperi

Photo: Petra Ballings
Stream below Silvermist cottage, Troutback

Athyrium schimperi

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to World's view, Troutbeck

Athyrium schimperi

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mount Chinaka, Juliasdale

Athyrium schimperi

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mount Chinaka, Juliasdale

Athyrium schimperi

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mount Chinaka, Juliasdale

Athyrium schimperi

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mount Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Asplenium schimperi (Moug. ex Fée) A. Braun
Athyrium solenopteris (Kunze) T.Moore var. madagascarica Bonap.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping and branching, 5-8 mm in diameter; rhizome scales reddish-brown, lanceolate, slowly tapering to a point, entire, up to 7 mm long. Fronds closely spaced, erect, herbaceous. Stipe straw coloured to pale green, pink on new fronds, up to 38 cm long, sparsely set with long, pale brown, hair-like scales, more dense so towards the base. Lamina narrowly elliptic to ovate-lanceolate in outline, 26-70 cm × 8-28 cm, 3-pinnatifid to 3-pinnate, lower 4-5 pairs of pinnae reduced in size. Pinnae 6-10 pairs, alternate, set at 80-90° to the rhachis, widest at base, apex tapering to a point. Pinnules unequaly ovate, about twice as long as broad, with acroscopic lobe often enlarged, glabrous on both surfaces, margin deeply pinnatifid to sharply serrate-dentate lobes. Rhachis pale brown, hairless but with few hairlike scales at the base of the pinnae. Sori 0.8-1.5 mm, curved, elliptic to J-shaped; indusium pale brown, erose and membranous.
Notes: Could be confused with A. newtonii, which is a forest species with an erect rhizome and basal pinnae that are not or slightly reduced.
Derivation of specific name: schimperi: named after W.P. Schimper (1804-1878), German bryologist who first collected this species.
Habitat: Rock overhangs, earth banks of shaded ravines, rock crevices, sometimes among boulders near streams, exposed or light shade in montane grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 2300 m
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and eastern South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 17 August 2013
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 273. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 28. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 96.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 714 - 715. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 404. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 105.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 137.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 214.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 202 - 204. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Athyrium schimperi:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Athyrium schimperi
Flora of Zambia: Athyrium schimperi

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Athyrium schimperi
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Athyrium schimperi
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Athyrium schimperi
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Athyrium schimperi
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Athyrium schimperi
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Athyrium schimperi
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Athyrium schimperi
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Athyrium schimperi
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Athyrium schimperi
Ispot Southern Africa: Athyrium schimperi
JSTOR Plant Science: Athyrium schimperi
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Athyrium schimperi
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Athyrium schimperi
The Plant List (version 1.1): Athyrium schimperi
Tropicos: Athyrium schimperi


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Athyrium schimperi.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102010, retrieved 23 September 2017

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