Dryopteris antarctica (Baker) C. Chr.

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Synonyms: Dryopteris callolepis C.Chr.
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping, c. 1 cm in diameter; rhizome scales pale brown, up to 1.7 mm long, lanceolate in outline, margin subentire. Fronds tufted, arching, herbaceous. Stipe up to 30 cm long, straw-coloured, darker near the base, with scales similar to rhizome but often with a dark brown centre. Lamina up to 65 × 35 cm, 3-pinnatifid to 3-pinnate, lanceolate in outline. Pinnae narrowly oblong, basal pinnae unequally triangular with the basiscopic pinnules much larger. Ultimate lobes oblong, glabrous on both surfaces, margins deeply serrate-aristate. Rhachis straw-coloured, set with a few pale brown scales. Sori, round, small, 1-4 per lobe; indusium brown, erose, subcircular to kidney-shaped.
Notes: Can be seperated from other species by the sharply serrate-aristate lobe margins, and basal pinnae that are the largest and basiscopically developed. It is restricted to higher areas
Derivation of specific name: antarticus: of the South Pole region, beyond 45° S; type specimen was collected on the Island of St. Paul.
Habitat: In Zimbabwe only known from the Inyanga area where it grows on shaded forest floors at c. 1980m. It favours quartzitically-derived sands.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 2350 m
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Rwanda, South Africa, St. Paul, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 304. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 98.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 480 - 481. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 439 - 440. As Dryopteris callolepis (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 127.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 120.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 223. As Dryopteris callolepis


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Other sources of information about Dryopteris antarctica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Dryopteris antarctica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dryopteris antarctica
African Plant Database: Dryopteris antarctica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dryopteris antarctica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dryopteris antarctica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dryopteris antarctica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dryopteris antarctica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dryopteris antarctica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dryopteris antarctica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Dryopteris antarctica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dryopteris antarctica
Ispot Southern Africa: Dryopteris antarctica
JSTOR Plant Science: Dryopteris antarctica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dryopteris antarctica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dryopteris antarctica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Dryopteris antarctica
Tropicos: Dryopteris antarctica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Dryopteris antarctica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101820, retrieved 21 November 2017

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