Pseudocyclosorus pulcher (Willd.) Holttum

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Pseudocyclosorus pulcher

Photo: Petra Ballings
Stream below Silvermist cottage, Troutbeck

Pseudocyclosorus pulcher

Photo: Petra Ballings
Stream below Silvermist cottage, Troutbeck

Pseudocyclosorus pulcher

Photo: Petra Ballings
Path to waterfall, Mtarazi Falls, Nyanga

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Synonyms: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher (Bory ex Willd.) Holttum
Thelypteris longicuspis (Baker) Schelpe
Thelypteris pulchra (Bory ex Willd.) Schelpe
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome erect, sometimes forming a caudex up to c. 30 cm high; rhizome scales up to 5 mm long, light brown, ovate, almost entire, pointed. Fronds tufted, arching, not proliferous, coriaceous. Stipe up to 70 cm long from the base to the first large pinnae, matt brown, thinly set with minute white hairs. Lamina up to 1.6 × 0.66 m, lanceolate-oblong in outline, deeply 2-pinnatifid, apex pointed, abruptly decrescent towards the base into a long series of strongly reduced pinnae. Pinnae linear-oblong, ultimate lobes oblong, slightly falcate,entire; upper surface densely hairy along the costae with white hairs, sparsely on the veins, under surface sparsely glandular with scattered, pale hairs; veins not meeting below or in the sinus. Rhachis pale brown, hairless. Sori round, up to 25 per lobe, halfway between costule and margin, almost reaching the top of each lobe; indusia subcircular to reniform, lacerate, glandular.
Notes: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher look for: erect rhizome, basal pinnae abruptly reduced into a series of small vestigial pinnae, veins not meeting in or at the sinus.
Derivation of specific name: pulcher: beautiful, handsome
Habitat: Shaded moist forest floors and next to streams.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1900 m
Worldwide distribution: Sudan, east and west tropical Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarenes.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 17 February 2013
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 261. As Thelypteris pulchra (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 45. as Thelypteris pulchra

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 95.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 678 - 679. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 385 - 386. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 115.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 209.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 192. As Thelypteris longicuspis (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Pseudocyclosorus pulcher:

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Flora of Malawi: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
Flora of Mozambique: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
Flora of Zambia: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
African Plant Database: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
Ispot Southern Africa: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
JSTOR Plant Science: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pseudocyclosorus pulcher
Tropicos: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pseudocyclosorus pulcher.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101670, retrieved 24 November 2017

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