Melpomene flabelliformis (Poir.) A.R. Sm. & R.C. Moran

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Melpomene flabelliformis

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Melpomene flabelliformis

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

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Synonyms: Grammitis flabelliformis (Poir.) Morton
Grammitis rigescens (Bory ex Willd.) J.E. Burrows
Xiphopteris flabelliformis (Poir.) Schelpe
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Rhizome creeping, c. 2 mm thick; scales grey-brown, lanceolate, entire, up to 2 mm long. Fronds spaced apart, erect, pinnatifid, sub-coriaceous to coriaceous. Stipe light-brown to black, up to 6 cm long, scattered with minute, pale brown scales, very narrowly winged. Lamina up to 17 × 1.7 cm, narrowly linear-elliptic in outline, glabrous, decrescent below, pinnatifid to the midrib into entire rounded oblong to quadrate lobes; midrib black, venation obscure. Sori 1-4 per lobe, intramarginal, set with castaneous hair-like paraphyses, exindusiate.
Notes: Can be separated from other species by its large size, widely creeping rhizome and fronds which are incised almost to the midrib.
Derivation of specific name: flabelliformis: fanshaped; unclear reference as the fronds are linear.
Habitat: Mountain peaks, in moist montane forest and rock crevices, shaded.
Altitude range: (metres) Above 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Bioko, Cameroon, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Somalia, South africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 186. As Grammitis rigescens (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 31. as Grammitis rigescens (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 90.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 298 - 299. As Xiphopteris flabelliformis (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 107.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 159.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 143. As Xiphopteris flabelliformis


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Other sources of information about Melpomene flabelliformis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Melpomene flabelliformis
Flora of Mozambique: Melpomene flabelliformis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Melpomene flabelliformis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Melpomene flabelliformis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Melpomene flabelliformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melpomene flabelliformis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Melpomene flabelliformis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Melpomene flabelliformis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Melpomene flabelliformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Melpomene flabelliformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melpomene flabelliformis
Ispot Southern Africa: Melpomene flabelliformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Melpomene flabelliformis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Melpomene flabelliformis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Melpomene flabelliformis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Melpomene flabelliformis
Tropicos: Melpomene flabelliformis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Melpomene flabelliformis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101570, retrieved 26 September 2017

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