Microsorum scandens (G. Forst.) Tindale

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Synonyms: Phymatosorus scandens (G.Forst.) Pic.Serm.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Rhizome widely creeping, 2-4 mm in diameter; scales brown, narrowly ovate, 2-8 mm long. Fronds spaced apart, dimorphic and musk-scented when fresh, variable, glabrous on both surfaces, herbaceous. Stipe up to 15 cm long, pale brown, glabrous except at articulated base. Lamina up to 50 × 18 cm, linear (young fronds) to elliptic (older fronds), simple, deeply pinnatifid, up to 20 pairs of lobes and a long terminal segment, base tapering into stipe. Pinna lobes slightly falcate, narrowly oblong, attenuate to acute, veins reticulate, margin entire to somewhat wavy. Sori round to oval, 1-2.5 mm in diameter, placed close to the margins, exindusiate, with nonpeltate paraphyses.
Notes: A very localized escape from Kirstenbosch Botanical garden in Cape Town.
Can be confused with Microsorum scolopendria that has the sori placed in 2 irregular rows on each side of the costule and only 4-8 pairs of pinna.
Derivation of specific name: scandens: climbing, this fern has a climbing habit.
Habitat: Lithophyte, epiphyte or terrestrial, on moist streambanks in light or deep shade.
Altitude range: (metres) 100 - 800 m
Worldwide distribution: Introduced in South Africa and Zimbabwe. A native of Australia, New Zealand and Lord Howe island in Australasia.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 338 - 339. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 554 - 555. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 8.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 101.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 161.


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Other sources of information about Microsorum scandens:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Microsorum scandens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Microsorum scandens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Microsorum scandens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Microsorum scandens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Microsorum scandens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Microsorum scandens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Microsorum scandens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Microsorum scandens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Microsorum scandens
Ispot Southern Africa: Microsorum scandens
JSTOR Plant Science: Microsorum scandens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Microsorum scandens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Microsorum scandens
The Plant List (version 1.1): Microsorum scandens
Tropicos: Microsorum scandens


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Microsorum scandens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101490, retrieved 25 November 2017

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