Cheilanthes eckloniana (Kunze) Mett.

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Synonyms: Notholaena eckloniana Kunze
Notholaena krebsiana C. Presl.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping or ascending, c. 6 mm in diameter; rhizome scales dark brown with pale margin, narrowly lanceolate in outline, margin entire. Fronds tufted, erect, rigid, coriaceous, up to 45 cm (in shade), averaging 30 cm. Stipe dark brown, shiny, up to 26 cm long, on the whole as long as the lamina, thickly set with pale brown to cream, hair-like scales and larger, lanceolate, brown scales with cream margins, giving the stipe a sand-coloured appearance. Lamina 6.5-24.5 cm × 2-6 cm, lanceolate-ovate to narrowly oblong in outline, 2-pinnatifid to 3-pinnatifid on the basiscopically developed basal pinnae, which are slightly or not reduced. Pinnae up to 6 cm long, deltate, frequently curved, curling up when dry, upper surface dark green, lightly set with white, hair-like scales, undersurface more densely set with hairs, mixed with distinctive, overlapping, shiny golden brown scales along the costae and costules. Rhachis dark brown, hairy and scaly. Sori small, marginal, interrupted; indusium very small, membranous or absent.
Notes: Could be confused with C. inaequalis var. buchananii or C. inaequalis var. inaequalis but none of these have the shiny golden-brown scales along the costae and costules, and with both the basal pinnae are the largest and not reduced.
Derivation of specific name: eckloniana: named after C.F. Ecklon (1795-1868), Danish pharmasist, botanist and plant collector, one of the earliest explorers of the Cape.
Habitat: Shallow soils on sheetrock, boulder bases and in montane grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Lesotho, Naminia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 130 - 132. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 342 - 343. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 256. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 62.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 181.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 125.


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Other sources of information about Cheilanthes eckloniana:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cheilanthes eckloniana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cheilanthes eckloniana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cheilanthes eckloniana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cheilanthes eckloniana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cheilanthes eckloniana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cheilanthes eckloniana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cheilanthes eckloniana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cheilanthes eckloniana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cheilanthes eckloniana
Ispot Southern Africa: Cheilanthes eckloniana
JSTOR Plant Science: Cheilanthes eckloniana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cheilanthes eckloniana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cheilanthes eckloniana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cheilanthes eckloniana
Tropicos: Cheilanthes eckloniana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cheilanthes eckloniana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100750, retrieved 18 November 2017

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