Selaginella perpusilla Baker

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Selaginella perpusilla

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Plant creeping, moss-like; stem 10-25 mm long, rarely branched. Leaves dimorphic; lateral leaves ovate-elliptic in outline, apex pointed, margins toothed, 1.5-1.75 × 0.75-1 mm, larger than median leaves; median leaves ovate in outline, apex tapering to a point, 0.8-1 × 0.35 mm. Strobili situated on the end of the branches, 1.5-3 mm long; sporophylls slightly larger than the leaves, of 2 kinds.
Notes: One record in southern Africa: Lundi river bridge in southern Zimbabwe.
Can be seperated from S. mittenii by its paler green colour, also the leaves of S. perpusilla do not curl when dry.
Derivation of specific name: perpusilla: very small, referring to the size of this fern.
Habitat: Damp sandy soil, seepage zone among granite outcrops in mixed deciduous Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 580 m (approx)
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Malawi, Madagascar, Tanzania, Zanzibar, DRC, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 22. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 149. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 27.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 26.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 29.


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Other sources of information about Selaginella perpusilla:

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Flora of Malawi: Selaginella perpusilla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Selaginella perpusilla
African Plant Database: Selaginella perpusilla
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Selaginella perpusilla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Selaginella perpusilla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Selaginella perpusilla
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Selaginella perpusilla
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Selaginella perpusilla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Selaginella perpusilla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Selaginella perpusilla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Selaginella perpusilla
Ispot Southern Africa: Selaginella perpusilla
JSTOR Plant Science: Selaginella perpusilla
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Selaginella perpusilla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Selaginella perpusilla
The Plant List (version 1.1): Selaginella perpusilla
Tropicos: Selaginella perpusilla


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Selaginella perpusilla.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100180, retrieved 20 November 2017

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